Country of birth: England
Original Purpose: Sheepdog
Nowadays: herding dog, companion dog
Lifespan: long-lived, usually 11-14 years
Energy level: at medium height
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is one of two "corgi" breeds that are sometimes born with a short tail (not to be confused with dogs that can be herded in some countries). They became two distinct breeds in 1934 when the English Kennel Club approved their breed standards. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi and Pembroke Welsh Corgi are the oldest breeds in the British Isles. According to legend, they are bewitched dogs. Along the green hills of Wales, they carried food to the fairies and witches, tended their animals, were horses for the little fairies. Even now, a sharp person sees a "magic saddle" on his back. Cor means dwarf and gi means dog. As the Welsh peasants were poor and did not have the strength/possibility to keep different dogs, corgis were used as herding dogs, as farm guard dogs and as companions. Ancient Welsh law provided penalties for injuring or stealing corgis, as the owner's well-being depended on the skill of these little dogs. Corgis are descended from Welsh crested and dachshund and Viking breeds mixed with Cardiganshire hounds. Schipperke and Pomeranian are considered their relatives. Later, however, corgis became home to the counties of Cardiganshire and Pembrokeshire in Wales. Originally, corgis were very stout, golden or blue merle in color, often with drooping ears. Corgi shorts are the result of centuries of breeding. A low strong dog is well suited for herding cows on uneven pasture. Short legs give the dog speed and allow it to avoid kicks from cows.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a friendly dog that is rather more active and requires an average level of handling. Compared to the Kambiskie, it is rather a breed that is more prominent and always more sociable. He is easy to train, faithful and loyal to his family. However, it must be taken into account that inside a small body is a dog with a very big soul that needs training.
Below is the FCI breed standard with our own explanatory notes in italics.
FCI, Group 1, sheep and herding dogs.
A short, strong, stout, lively and active dog, which, despite its small body, gives the impression of being strong and durable.
The ratio of muzzle length to skull length is 3:5.
NB! The length of the muzzle and skull is measured in parts as follows: from the tip of the dog's nose to the inner corners of the eyes (there should be 3 parts), from the inner corners of the eyes to the tip of the skull (it should be 5 parts).
Behavior and character
Brave and hardworking dog. Open and friendly, never nervous or aggressive.
NB! All FCI standards say that dogs must not be timid or aggressive. Aggressive or timid corgis are no longer common nowadays, and therefore it is extremely necessary to avoid them in the future (to be judged accordingly at exhibitions, not to be used in breeding).
The head resembles a fox's head in shape and overall appearance. The expression is attentive and intelligent.
Skull: Fairly broad and flat between the ears.
Transition from forehead to muzzle: Moderate.
Nose mirror: black.
Muzzle : Slightly tapering at the tip.
Jaws/Teeth: Strong jaws. A correct, even and full scissor bite, meaning the upper teeth extend slightly over the lower teeth and come straight out of the jaw.
Eyes: Well-set, round, medium-sized, brown, with matching coat color.
Ears: pointed, medium in size and slightly rounded in shape. An imaginary straight line drawn from the tip of the nose and between the eyes touches the tips of the ears or passes very close to them.
Neck: Fairly long.
Body: Of medium length, not too short at the loin. Slightly tapering backwards in top view.
Chest: Broad and deep, set low between the front legs. Well sprung ribs.
Tail: Short, preferably local. Cropped: short; Uncut On the same line as the Top line. Wear naturally above the top line when you're on the move or alert.
NB! Some more dominant dogs raise their tails when they move, especially when other dogs are around. It should certainly never roll onto its back, but should follow the position of the tail in the normal state of the dog.
Shoulders: well placed, forming an angle of about 90 degrees with the upper arm.
Upper arm: Following the shape of the chest.
Elbows: The elbows are close to the body. Not loose and not too tight.
Forearms: Short and as straight as possible. Strong bones down to the paws.
Front paws: Oval shaped. With strong, well arched and dense toes. The two middle toes are slightly longer than the others. The pads are firm and well curved. Nails are short.
Hindquaters: General impression - Strong and flexible. The legs are short. Strong bones down to the paws.
Stifle (knee): Well angulated.
Heel joints: parallel position in rear view.
Hind feet: Oval shaped. With strong, well arched and dense toes. The two middle toes are slightly longer than the others. The pads are firm and well curved. Nails are short.
Gait / Movement: Free and active. Not loose and not too restrained. The movement of the forelimbs is extensive, but the legs are not raised too high. The forelimbs move in one rhythm with the strong push of the hind legs.
Coat: Straight coat of medium length. With dense undercoat. The coat is not soft, wavy or wiry.
NB! However, it is important to observe the structure of the coat - it must be such that the dog can work in the herd without catching a cold due to the wet coat. Long-haired or fluffy is considered a fault. As a breeder, you can already see it in the puppy mill, and today there are DNA tests for dogs to determine this status.
Color: Solid red, sable, fawn, black and fawn, with or without white markings on legs, chest and neck. A little white on the face and muzzle is allowed.
NB! The Pembroke has excessive white markings, such as: white behind the ears, white above the eye line; the body has white markings. White markings on the muzzle, a delicate stripe on the skull, neck, chest, legs and, in the case of a long-tailed dog, at the tip of the tail are common.
Size and weight
Height at withers: About 25-30 cm. Weight: Male dogs: 10-12 kg. Female dogs: 9-11 kg.
All deviations from the above requirements must be considered errors, and their assessment must take into account the extent of the specific deviation and its impact on the dog's health, well-being and ability to perform normal work.
- Aggression or excessive timidity.
- All dogs with physical and behavioral disorders will be disqualified.
- Male dogs must have two normally developed testicles fully descended into the scrotum.